According to an article in Farmer’s Weekly, climate change will result in a 1% to 2% increase in the average temperature along coastal areas in South Africa, and a 2% to 3% increase in interior regions by 2050. This is according to the Green Paper on the National Climate Change Response. To continue producing food, farmers will have to contend with drier climatic conditions, faster evaporation and more frequent incidences of extreme weather such as floods and droughts.
Forecasters have predicted that climate change will have a major impact on the quality and quantity of forage crops. Warmer temperatures could result in the deterioration of pasture quality and quantity, making it more difficult for farmers to align production with their animals’ nutritional requirements. Dr Danie Odendaal, director of the Veterinary Network (V-Net), says that producers will have to better synchronise breeding seasons with nature.
“Look at wild species such as impalas. They reproduce within two to three weeks of each other. This synchronisation has occurred naturally to match the availability of natural veld with their feeding requirements.”
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